Years of support 0

HECTARES FUNDED 0 (12,046 acres)

HECTARES CO-FUNDED 0 (7,845 acres)


Situated in north-western South America on the Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena and Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspots, Colombia is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries and home to an astonishing 10% of all biodiversity on Earth.

Divided into six distinct bioregions, Colombia’s vast diversity of ecosystems include the Páramo and montane forests of the Andes that reach 5,775 m at Pico Cristóbal Colón; the Llanos savannahs; the moist forests of the endemic-rich Chocó in the east; the cacti and succulent-rich thorny xeric scrub along the Caribbean coast; and lowland moist evergreen tropical rainforests, igapó gallery forests and seasonally flooded várzea forests in the Amazon basin.


Colombia has the highest avian diversity on Earth, with 1,866 bird species recorded. The 95 country endemics include Multicolored Tanager and Santa Marta Tapaculo, while the 97 globally threatened species include the Yellow-eared Parrot (Vulnerable), Blue-billed Curassow, Blue-bearded Helmetcrest, Antioquia Brushfinch and Great Green Macaw (Critically Endangered). Colombia’s 543 mammal species include Spectacled Bear, Ornate Tití Monkey, Colombian Black Spider Monkey (Vulnerable), and Cotton-top Tamarin (Critically Endangered). A total of 601 species of reptiles and 824 amphibians occur here, and Colombia also has the world’s richest orchid diversity, with an astonishing 4,270 species recorded.

Colombia’s rich biodiversity is severely threatened by deforestation, driven by a high poverty rate in rural communities and removal of laws protecting forests after the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia signed the peace agreement of 2016. The main cause of deforestation in the Amazon region is rapidly expanding cattle ranching, while logging, gold mining, oil palm and illegal coca plantations have left just 2% of Colombia’s Chocó forest remaining. WLT is funding projects in the Andes and Chocó to help safeguard Colombia’s ecosystems and incredible wildlife.



Current projects in Colombia

Los Titíes de San Juan

Los Titíes de San Juan

Guanacas Reserve

Created in 1990 by WLT partner Fundación Guanacas Bosques de Niebla, the Guanacas Reserve protects 520 ha (1,285 acres) of cloud forest and naturally regenerating pasture in the Andes of north-western Colombia.

Situated between 1,900 and 2,700 metres within the Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot, the Guanacas Reserve is home to 133 bird species, including threatened country endemics such as Red-bellied Grackle and Black-and-gold Tanager (Vulnerable), along with threatened amphibians like Buckley’s Glassfrog (Critically Endangered), Colombian Chocolate Frog and Serna’s Robber Frog (Vulnerable), and a rich flora including 70 species of orchids and the threatened Magnolia yarumalensis (Endangered) and Quindio Wax Palm (Vulnerable), both unique to Colombia.

Deforestation due to agriculture, cattle ranching and logging are the main threats to the forest and its biodiversity. Fundación Guanacas provides environmental education to local primary schools and employs people from local communities, with some working as rangers and others in the organisation’s reforestation programme.

WLT has supported Fundación Guanacas since 2019, expanding the Guanacas Reserve by 58.5 ha (145 acres) to connect it to the Santa Rosa de Osos municipal reserve, safeguarding the habitat of the Antioquia Brushfinch—Critically Endangered and numbering fewer than 50 individuals—and securing an important corridor for wild cats like Puma, Northern Tiger Cat (Vulnerable) and Ocelot.

A critically endangered Antioquia Brushfinch perched on a branch
A Cotton-top Tamarin
Los Titíes de San Juan

A WLT partner since 2022, Fundación Proyecto Tití has been working in the San Juan Nepomunceno area in northern Colombia since 2004 to safeguard the long-term future of the Cotton-top Tamarin—a Critically Endangered primate numbering just 2,000 individuals endemic to the forests of north-western Colombia.

The loss of the tamarin’s habitat due to deforestation has accelerated alarmingly in recent years, and poaching for the pet trade and zoos remains a threat despite legal protection. Since the peace agreement of 2016, the San Juan Nepomunceno area has been opened up for economic development, with forest cleared for cattle ranching, slash-and-burn agriculture and teak plantations, while selective logging degrades the forest that remains.

Created by Fundación Proyecto Tití through land purchase and management agreements, the Los Tities de San Juan reserve protects 439 ha (1,084 acres) of tropical dry forest adjoining the Los Colorados National Park. Along with the Cotton-top Tamarin, the reserve is home to 44 mammal species, 212 bird species, 20 amphibians, and 47 reptiles, including the Dahl’s Toad-headed Turtle (Critically Endangered), and over 200 plant species.

With WLT support, Fundación Proyecto Tití aims to purchase 40.6 ha (100 acres) to expand the Los Titíes de San Juan reserve and fund four field staff who will monitor and patrol the protected area.


Key species protected by WLT projects


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