Species Data

Class: Amphibia

Order: Caudata

Family: Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa lozanoi

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

IUCN Species Range Map

 
 

Description

These unusual looking, large, lungless salamanders from the Middle Magdalena Valley, Columbia are rarely found and restricted to a small range. Little is known about them, but they are believed to be in decline. Lozano’s Salamander has a mottled brown skin pattern, not unlike a pork sausage. They have large brown eyes and heavily webbed toes.

(Header image: Bolitoglossa lozanoi  ©Mauricio Rivera Correa.CC license 2.5 )

 
 

Behaviour

A nocturnal species, they often climb trees and other vegetation near water sources, and can get up to two meters off of the ground.

(Image: Bolitoglossa lozanoi  ©Mauricio Rivera Correa.CC license 2.5 )

Bolitoglossa_lozanoi©Mauricio Rivera Correa
Barbacoas, middle Magdalena Valley, colombia ©WLT/Richard Cuthbert
 

Habitat

As lungless salamanders must always be wet to breath, Lozano’s Salamanders need to be close to a fresh water source at all times, so are never far from a stream or pool. They are only found in lowland moist forest.

 
Barbacoas, middle Magdalena Valley, colombia ©WLT/Richard Cuthbert
 

Threats and Conservation

Lozano’s Salamander is threatened by many of the same factors as amphibians worldwide, such as chytridiomycosis. They are sensitive to environmental changes ranging from water levels to El Niño effects. These changes have been exacerbated by the building of hydroelectric dams up stream of their home range, as well as the direct loss of some individuals closer to the Proyecto hidroelectrico La Miel 1 dam site.

 
 

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