Mozambique boasts one of Africa’s longest coastlines and more mangroves than any other country on the continent, aside from Nigeria. Offshore, the Bazaruto Archipelago harbours the last viable population of Dugongs in East Africa, while coral reefs, seagrass meadows, and the open expanse of the Indian Ocean provide habitat for Manta Rays, Whale Sharks, and five species of sea turtle.

Lake Malawi, home to more fish species than any other lake in the world, can be found in the northwest; further south, the Zambezi River winds its way towards its delta, creating an ecoregion – the Zambezi Coastal Flooded Savannah – that is unique to Mozambique. Half of the country is forested, but there are also grasslands, wetlands, mountains and plateaus.


Mozambique contains three separate biodiversity hotspots and around 6,000 species of plant, over 330 of which are endemic. The list of fauna includes 726 bird species, 171 reptile species, 85 amphibian species, and many of Africa’s most famous large mammals. In recent years, government efforts to protect biodiversity and the success of projects like Gorongosa promise good things for the people and wildlife of Mozambique.


Our partners in Mozambique

Our projects in Mozambique

LOFE Reserve

A former timber concession, this 29,600-acre (12,000 ha) area was fully acquired by Gorongosa Project in March 2022, with funding from World Land Trust (WLT). Our partner is now consulting with local communities to develop a sustainable development and management plan which will also be funded by WLT.

Situated around 35km to the east of Gorongosa National Park, the reserve contains miombo woodland that offers vital connectivity for wildlife in the wider Gorongosa landscape. It will also form a key part of our partner’s ‘Mountains to Mangroves’ landscape corridor. There is strong potential here to restore biodiversity to historically healthy levels – something Gorongosa Project has proven adept at.

The project area falls within a Key Biodiversity Area that harbours a significant number of rare, endemic, and threatened species, including Painted Dog (Endangered), African Lion and African Leopard (Vulnerable), Zambezi Flapshell Turtle (Endangered) and White-headed Vulture (Critically Endangered).



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