Saving threatened habitats worldwide


Gaur, Indian bison


Class: Mammalia

Order: Cetartiodactyla

Family: Bovidae

Scientific Name: Bos gaurus

IUCN Red List status: Vulnerable

Protected by the following WLT project/s

Indian Elephant Corridors Appeal

Species Range (IUCN)

World map


Gaur, or Indian Bison, are a close wild relative of domestic cattle. This powerful animal was the inspiration for the Krating Daeng (Thai for Gaur) energy drink, with a logo of two charging bulls in front of a setting sun, which was the origin for the branding of the world’s bestselling energy drink, Red Bull. They are strong and mightily built, with a high grey ridge on their forehead between their horns, which are carried by both sexes and curve upwards from the sides of the head.


Gaur herds vary in size throughout the year. At the start of the year they can be found in small groups of 8-11 females with one bull, and as the year progresses more bulls may join the herd for mating, with certain males moving from herd to herd. During the mating season the bellow of males can be heard over 1.6 kilometres away. In May and June these males move away from the breeding herds to wander alone or form bachelor groups. Females give birth to a single calf, usually between December and June.

Asian Leopards and packs of Dhole will occasionally attack unattended calves or unhealthy individuals but their main predators are the Bengal Tiger and Saltwater Crocodiles, which are able to bring down adults. However, as females are usually found in herds and the solitary males are of such formidable size, Gaur have few natural enemies besides humans.

Red Bull logo
Gaur was the inspiration for the charging bull logo of the world's bestselling energy drink, Red Bull.


Gaur prefer to live in areas with glades and quite open terrain, with low-lying regions comprising of the best habitat, which is characterised by undisturbed tracts of forest, water availability and abundance of forage in the form of coarse grasses, shrubs and trees.

Threats and Conservation

Gaur is hunted for food, medicinal products and for their horns. They have been listed as threatened by the IUCN Red List since 1986 as their population has declined over 70 per cent in some parts of their range. They are legally protected in all range states and samples of their genetic material have been preserved cryogenically to preserve their genetic integrity. 

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