Species Data

Species Data

Class: Aves

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Cotingidae

Scientific Name: Rupicola peruvianus

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

IUCN Species Range Map

 
 

Description

The Andean Cock-of-the-rock is the national bird of Peru, and the spectacular colouring and fan-shaped crest of the male is instantly recognisable.

Brilliant orange-red plumage extends over its head and nape and down the chest, with a grey back and black tail and wing feathers. In constrast, the female is a darker, less colourful bird though it has the same general colour patterns. Both have strong claws and legs.

 
 

Behaviour

The Andean Cock-of-the-rock feeds mainly on fruit, though it will also take invertebrates and small vertebrates.

The male birds are easiest to see when displaying to females, as they come together to do this at a lek (communal display ground). Their competitive courtship displays include jumping up and down and giving low croaking cries.

The females make cup shaped nests from mud on rocks and ledges, and lay two eggs, while males are not involved in nest building and incubation.

Andean Cock-of-the-rock
 

Habitat

The large range of the species along the Andes includes Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. It lives chiefly in subtropical montane forest, though it is also found at lower elevations down to 500m and often uses waterside locations.

 

 

 
Andean Cock-of-the-rock
 

Threats & Conservation

Although the IUCN have classified this bird as Least Concern, due to its large range, it can be patchily distributed and locally uncommon. There are no recent detailed estimates of its population size.

Its splendid appearance has led to significant levels of capture for the international pet trade.

 
 

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