At a time of climate crisis and mass extinction, it is more important than ever that financial support goes to the projects we know will make a real difference. The Garo Green Spine is one such project. Since 2003, World Land Trust (WLT) have helped to protect 4,000 ha (9,800+ acres) of biodiverse forest in India’s Meghalaya State, creating three elephant corridors through reserves owned by the A’chik Mande people.

Managed by our partner Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), this exemplar of community-based conservation now needs new champions. The project’s latest phase will protect a further 4,000 ha, creating a fourth corridor and bringing the Garo Green Spine to near completion, all while providing healthcare, education, and sustainable livelihood support to local communities.

The fate of this land now rests with you. The prospect of new roads places the mineral-rich Garo Hills at risk of exploitation, but there is still time to act. Your donations could prove transformative as we work to secure a lasting legacy that benefits both people and wildlife in one of India’s poorest states. Join us today and make a decisive impact for this true conservation success story!



The next phase of the Garo Green Spine:
The impact you could make

Discover the life and land at stake in Meghalaya, “Abode of Clouds”

The Garo Green Spine falls within one of the world’s most threatened biodiversity hotspots, the Indo-Burma, as well as high-priority, weighted-endemism areas for amphibians and birds. The project’s fourth corridor will also connect two recognised Key Biodiversity Areas, handing a vital lifeline to hundreds of species, including migratory Asian Elephants.

In the two decades that the Garo Green Spine has been active, WLT partner WTI have helped to establish 20 Village Reserve Forests (VRFs). All are owned by the A’chik Mande people, who remain the stewards and beneficiaries of these protected areas. 19 watchers have been hired to monitor the reserves and 250,000 native trees have been planted, restoring 300 ha (740 acres) of degraded forest habitat.

What your donations will achieve

Between 2021 and 2026, WTI aims to establish a corridor of protected land linking Nokrek National Park and Emangre Reserve Forest. This strategic corridor will be made up of VRFs and Community Reserves (CRs), all owned and monitored by A’chik Mande communities.

If achieved, an almost completely contiguous network of protected areas will then stretch the entire length of the Garo Green Spine, almost 50 miles long from east to west. This would be a truly landmark moment in the history of Meghalaya conservation – and you can be a part of it.

The impact of WLT supporters will go even beyond what is shown on this map. The restoration of degraded forest habitat will be conducted throughout the Garo Green Spine, as will the protection of land through community micro-plans. These plans, designed to foster responsible resource use, will be designed in consonance with wildlife movement and biodiversity conservation.

A future for the next generation

“Expanding the Garo Green Spine will lock in connectivity, preserving a balance where elephant-human conflict is much lower than in other parts of India, because there is enough nature for everyone.”

Upasana Ganguly, Head of WTI’s ‘Right of Passage: Elephant Corridors’ project

The corridors of the Garo Green Spine are crucial for many animals, but the one that derives perhaps the most benefit is the Asian Elephant. Both matriarchal clans and wandering males of this Endangered species need room to roam, but with viable habitat and migratory routes shrinking throughout their range, the long-term genetic diversity of the species is now under threat. India’s remaining elephant strongholds need all the protection they can get.

Around 1,000 elephants are supported by the Garo Hills and the broader area in which the hills sit. The Nokrek-Emangre Corridor has been planned to maximise the impact on connectivity for these herds, allowing them to travel safely both within Meghalaya and across the border to Bangladesh. This is elephant conservation as it should be.


If you have any questions about the Garo Green Spine, WLT Director of Brand and Communications Dan Bradbury will be discussing the project at a live Microsoft Teams presentation at 13:00 GMT on Wednesday 27 April 2022 (you can register here).

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Meet the A’chik Mande, “People of the Steep Hills”

The A’chik Mande have played a central role in the Garo Green Spine project since its inception, building on their centuries-old traditions around the communal and sustainable management of forests. This, coupled with their respect for the elephants they share the land with, has played a big role in keeping conflict levels low.

Nevertheless, elephants do still encroach on villages from time to time – damaging buildings, trampling crops – and so new corridors that keep them away from human settlement will always benefit the A’chik Mande. This, however, is far from the only positive that the Garo Green Spine has brought.

WTI have taken great steps to help the A’chik Mande preserve their autonomy and way of life, while also providing healthcare, education, and sustainable livelihood support. Hearing aids and sanitation facilities, beekeeping training and legal support, poultry farms and motorboats; WTI have gone above and beyond over the last 20 years, and this next project promises yet more community uplift that you can directly fund with your donations.


The Garo Green Spine supports high biological diversity, including 206 bird species, 124 fish species, 85 mammal species, and 62 reptile species. This is a place known also for its flora: Nokrek National Park is home to more than 1,500 species of plant, and the wider area is important for the genetic diversity of wild Citrus species.

One of Garo’s most distinctive residents is the Western Hoolock Gibbon, an Endangered species for whom forest connectivity is particularly important. As an arboreal species, India’s only ape is vulnerable to predators when on the ground; each tree lost is another step closer to extinction.

The forests of Garo also harbour the Chinese Pangolin, a Critically Endangered target of the illegal wildlife trade. Clouded Leopards and Sambar Deer find territory aplenty here, while Great Indian Hornbills – whose numbers could shrink by up to half in the coming decades – are among the many birds that roost among the trees.