Scientific Name:Meles meles
IUCN Red List status: Least Concern
Protected by the following WLT projects:
Species Range (IUCN)
Badgers live in family “clans” of up to 12 individuals and often play which helps to strengthen their social bonds. They are nocturnal and emerge from their setts at dusk. They are widespread throughout Europe and Britain, but not as common in northern Scotland and many of the islands around the UK.
Badgers are excellent diggers and their diet consists mainly of earthworms. They also eat bulbs, acorns, fruit, nuts, cereal crops, insects, birds' eggs, carrion, and live vertebrate prey such as hedgehogs, moles, and rabbits. They prefer deciduous woods with clearings or open pasture but are also found in urban and suburban areas.
Threats and Conservation
Though badgers are not considered endangered numbers have been depleted. They are protected under various wildlife acts and UK law states that it is an offense to kill, injure or capture a badger, or to interfere with its sett. Its decline in some agricultural areas has been attributed to land-use changes causing a loss of and fragmentation of suitable habitat. Road traffic accidents are a major cause of death. In the United Kingdom the species is associated with bovine TB but this is still under investigation and debate.