Wildlife Focus Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest Hummingbird Guide

Finding it difficult to identify the hummingbirds on the Ornithos webcam? This World Land Trust Hummingbird Guide will help you to identify the species which regularly visit the Ornithos Hummingbird feeder. The images with two individuals show the male of the species on the left and the female on the right.

Hummingbird colour: Please note this is a general description of hummingbird species. As many hummingbirds have reflective feathers the colour they appear depends on the lighting conditions in their environment and many will appear black when in the shade.

Violet-capped Woodnymph

Violet-capped Woodnymph

Thalurania glaucopis (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: Overall green in colour (reflective brighter green on the chest) with a bright violet cap and tail. Females are not as vibrant in colour and have a cream throat and breast.

Sombre Hummingbird

Sombre Hummingbird

Aphantochroa cirrochloris (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: Green/bronze in colour with almost brown tinges to the wings.

Glittering-throated Emerald

Glittering-throated Emerald

Amazilia fimbriata (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Throughout most of South America
Appearance: Green with a white lower breast and belly. Tail appears black.

Versicoloured Emerald

Versicoloured Emerald

Amazilia versicolor (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Appearance: Variable in colour but green upperside and pale in colour running down throat and chest.

Black-throated Mango

Black-throated Mango

Anthracothorax nigricollis (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Throughout most of South America
Appearance: Green back with black underside. Males have blue reflective throat. Females have a distinctive black stripe down their pale throat and breast.

Glittering-bellied Emerald

Glittering-bellied Emerald

Chlorostilbon lucidus (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: Green in overall colour but males have a reflective blue/green throat. Female have a white underside.

Black Jacobin

Black Jacobin

Florisuga fusca Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: Black hummingbird. White tail feathers which can be seen as a flash of white when flying.

Saw-billed Hermit

Saw-billed Hermit

Ramphodon naevius (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: Greenish back with darker tail, tipped with yellow. The breast is pale and streaked with brown. The throat has a yellow/orange tinge.

Swallow-tailled Hummingbird

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird

Eupetomena macroura (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname
Appearance: Green in overall colour with a deep reflective blue throat and upper breast. The tail as the name suggests is long and forked.

Festive Coquette

Festive Coquette

Lophornis chalybeus (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Appearance: Green overall colour with paler breast streaked with brown. Males have tufts tipped with white.

White-throated Hummingbird

White-throated Hummingbird

Leucochloris albicollis (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Trochilidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: Green overall colour with a white belly and throat patch. It has a medium-sized straight bill.