Wildlife Focus Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest Bird Guide

This bird guide is a list of the species which commonly visit the Ornithos webcam in the Atlantic Rainforest. Some of the species only appear on the feeders during the winter months when food is scarce in the forest.

Azure-shouldered Tanager

Azure-shouldered Tanager

Thraupis cyanoptera (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: Green-blue overall colouring with a bright blue bar on the 'shoulder' of its wing.

Black-backed Tanager

Black-backed Tanager

Tangara peruviana (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: A maroon head and neck with a paler grey 'throat'. The body is paler green-yellow with a distinctive black patch on its back and dark almost black wings and tail.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager

Blue-and-yellow Tanager

Thraupis bonariensis (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Appearance: A blue head, back and wings with a bright yellow breast and yellow patch on its rump.

Brazilian Tanager

Brazilian Tanager

Ramphocelus bresilius (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil
Appearance: Males are bright red with black wings and tail and a conspicuous white underside to its beak. Females are paler pinky/brown.

chestnut-backed Tanager

Chestnut-backed Tanager

Tangara preciosa (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.
Appearance: A multicolored bird with a chestnut head and neck, green breast and belly, yellow rump and upper-parts of the wing. The tail, wings and eye ring are black.

Green-headed Tanager

Green-headed Tanager

Tangara seledon (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Appearance: A patchwork of vibrant green and blue, with black patches on its shoulder and breast.

Golden-chevroned Tanager

Golden-chevroned Tanager

Thraupis ornata (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: A blue bird with golden/green wings and tail. It has a brighter gold bar on the shoulder of its wing.

Palm Tanager

Palm Tanager

Thraupis palmarum (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout central and south America, Trinidad and Tobago and French Guiana.
Appearance: A duller shade of green than some of the other tanagers, with darker green wings. Females are a lighter more golden colour.

Red-necked Tanager

Red-necked Tanager

Tangara cyanocephala (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Appearance: Vibrant green in body colour with a conspicuous blue cap on the crown and chin. Its upper back is black and as the name suggests its neck is red.

Ruby-crowned Tanager

Ruby-crowned Tanager

Tachyphonus coronatus (Photo © Alan Martin)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Appearance: A deep metallic black bird with a red crest on the top of its head. The crest is usually only visible when erect. Females are brown.

Black-goggled Tanager

Black-goggled Tanager

Trichothraupis melanops (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Appearance: A pale green bird with a black facial mask and dark wings. The breast is almost cream and they have a conspicuous yellow stripe on the crown of the head.

Sayaca Tanager

Sayaca Tanager

Thraupis sayaca (Photo © Alan Martin)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution:Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
Appearance: A pale grey/blue bird with slightly brighter blue wings and tail.

Black-legged Dacnis

Black-legged Dacnis

Dacnis nigripes (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: Vibrant blue with black eye band, chin and back very similar to the Blue Dacnis but has black rather than pink legs. females are brown with a lighter breast and blue head and wing bar.

Blue Dacnis

Blue Dacnis

Dacnis cayana (Photo © Alan Martin)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout central and South America
Appearance: Vibrant blue with black eye band, chin and back. Females lack the contrasting black markings and are greener in overall colour but still have a pale blue head.

Green Honeycreeper

Green Honeycreeper

Chlorophanes spiza (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout Central and South America
Appearance: A distinctive bird with vibrant blue/green body, black face and a bright yellow beak. Females are paler green.

Green-chinned Euphonia

Green-chinned Euphonia

Euphonia chalybea (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Appearance: Striking yellow breast with a dark blue/black back and wing which extends to the chin. It has a yellow crown on the head. Females are olive green above and pale underneath.

Chestnut-bellied Euphonia

Chestnut-bellied Euphonia

Euphonia pectoralis (Photo © Alan Martin)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Appearance: Dark metallic blue in colour with a dark chestnut underside and a yellow feathers under its wings. Females are olive green with a grey nape.

Violaceous Euphonia

Violaceous Euphonia

Euphonia violacea (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Thraupidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.
Appearance: Similar in appearance to the Green-Chinned Euphonia but the yellow crown is smaller and the yellow underside extends up to the beak. Females also are olive green.

Pale-breasted Thrush

Pale-breasted Thrush

Turdus leucomelas (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Turdidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname and Venezuela.
Appearance: A brown thrush with a paler breast.

Rufous-bellied Thrush

Rufous-bellied Thrush

Turdus rufiventris (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Turidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: Pale brown with a speckled front, but an obvious red colour to the belly.

Yellow-legged Thrush

Yellow-legged Thrush

Turdus flavipes (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Turdidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.
Appearance: Similar in appearance to a blackbird. Males are grey and black with a yellow beak and yellow ring around the eye. Females are brown.

Saffron Finch

Saffron Finch

Sicalis flaveola (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Emberizidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout Central and South America
Appearance: A bright yellow finch with darker speckled back and wings.

Bababaquit

Bananaquit

Coereba flaveola (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Coerebidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout the whole of the Americas.
Appearance Small (approx. 10cm) bright yellow chest and belly with a dark grey back. The head is grey with a white eyebrow and grey throat.

Great Kiskadee

Great Kiskadee

Pitangus sulphuratus (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Tyranidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout the whole of the Americas.
Appearance: Very similar in appearance to the Bananquit but much larger (approx 23cm). A large, thick bill and large white eyebrow.

Speckled-chachalaca

Speckled-chachalaca

Ortalis guttata (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Cracidae
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
Appearance: A large bird with a paler speckled breast.

Dusky-legged Guan

Dusky-legged Guan

Penelope obscura (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Cracidae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: A large turkey-like bird mainly black in colour but has white speckles on its chest.

Rufous-collared Saparrow

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Zonotrichia capensis (Photo © Alan Martin)

Family: Emberizidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout Central and South America
Appearance: A striped brown body (paler underneath), white and black striped face and a red collar on the nape.

Rudy Ground-dove

Rudy Ground-dove

Columbina talpacoti

Family: Columbidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout the Americas
Appearance: A pinky-brown bird, darker at the tail and becoming lighter toward the head which is almost grey.

Pale-vented Pigeon

Pale-vented Pigeon

Patagioenas cayannensis (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Columbidae
Distribution: Extensive range throughout central and south America, Trinidad and Tobago and French Guiana.
Appearance: Males have a dull purple head, breast and upperpart plumage. The bill is black and the legs, iris and eyering are red.

Plain Parakeet

Plain Parakeet

Brotogeris tirica (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Psittacidae
Distribution: Brazil
Appearance: This Parakeet appears in groups on the webcam and is completely green in colour.

Red-rumped Cacique

Red-rumped Cacique

Cacicus haemorrhous

Family: Icteridae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suiname, Venezuela
Appearance: A large completely black bird with a red rump and yellow beak.

Variable Oriole

Variable Oriole

Icterus pyrrhopterus (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Icteridae
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Appearance: A bird with predominantly black plumage and a yellow or red colouring on the shoulder.

Azure Jay

Azure Jay

Cyanocorax caeruleus (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Corvidae
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil
Appearance: A striking blue jay with a black head and neck.

Blonde-crested Woodpecker

Blonde-crested Woodpecker

Celeus flavescens (Photo © Luciano Breves)

Family: Picidae
Distribution: Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
Appearance: This woodpecker has blond crest which contrasts with the rest of the body, the male also has a red cheek band.