The reserve, on the eastern slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes, now covers 1,809 acres (732 hectares) and supports a wealth of plant and animal life. The Rio Hollín, which flows into the Amazon, bisects the site and is a draw for wildlife.
The location of the new reserve is crucial to its conservation value. It is located on the edge of Sumaco National Park and forms part of a long term plan to protect a wildlife corridor between Sumaco and neighbouring Napo-Galeras National Park.
Connecting the two parks will allow wildlife to move from one area to the other, improving the chances of survival for isolated animal populations.
“This kind of habitat is not well protected by existing reserves, so this is an important purchase,” said Rocío Merino of Fundación Jocotoco. “We hope that more land can be added in the future to safeguard the wildlife corridor linking these two national parks.”
Vulnerable to deforestation
This mid-altitude forest, at 1,100 metres above sea level, is particularly vulnerable to deforestation. Accessible and fertile, it is more likely to be cleared for agriculture than the mountainous forests above, or the Amazonian lowland forest below. Land valued by humans is also valuable for wildlife, and these forests are home to an impressive number of species.
A tropical bird haven
More than 300 bird species have been observed in Narupa, including the migratory Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulean). This bright little bird is the fastest declining of all Neotropical songbirds. Its survival is dependent on suitable winter habitat in the northern Andes, and rapid deforestation has left it vulnerable.
Other birds here include the iridescent Coppery-chested Jacamar (Galbula pastazae) and the Military Macaw (Ara militaris), both of which are registered as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
In addition, the reserve safeguards 14 species that are globally threatened including Gray Tinamou (Tinamus major), Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi), Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Oroaetus isidori), Sapphire Quail-Dove (Geotrygon saphirina), Ecuadorian Piedtail (Phlogophilus hemileucurus), Black-mandibled Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguous), Ash-browed Spinetail (Cranioleuca curtata), Lined Antshrike (Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus), White-streaked Antvireo (Dysithamnus leucostictus), Bicolored Antvireo (Dysithamnus occidentalis), Yellow-breasted Antwren (Herpsilochmus axillaris), Foothill Elaenia (Myiopagis olallai) and Lemon-browed Flycatcher (Conopias cinchoneti).
WLT currently supports Fundación Jocotoco with funding for rangers through WLT's Keepers of the Wild programme.